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TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 9

FIRE PREVENTION AND PROTECTION

Articles:

I. Generally

Sec. 9-1 Adoption of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition

Sec. 9-2 Amendments, additions and deletions

Sec. 9-3 Appeals

Sec. 9-4 Violations and penalties

II. Open Fire and Burning Restrictions

Sec. 9-21 Application

Sec. 9-22 Definitions

Sec. 9-23 Declaration of Stage 1 fire restrictions

Sec. 9-24 Stage 1 fire restrictions/prohibited and permitted acts

Sec. 9-25 Declaration of Stage 2 fire restrictions

Sec. 9-26 Stage 2 fire restrictions/prohibited and permitted acts

Sec. 9-27 Enforcement

Sec. 9-28 Violations; penalties


ARTICLE I.Go to the top
GENERALLY

9-1.  Adoption of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition.Go to the top

Pursuant to the authority conferred by Article II, Section 7 of the Charter and by Section 31-16-201 et seq., C.R.S., there is hereby adopted by reference as the fire code of the City, for the purposes of safeguarding of life and property from fire and explosion hazards arising from the storage, handling and use of hazardous substances, materials and devices, and from conditions hazardous to life or property in the occupancy of buildings and premises, International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, as promulgated by the International Code Council, Inc. Except as any portion of this fire code is herein after added to, deleted, modified or amended in this Chapter, this fire code shall include all articles and appendices in the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition. Not less than three (3) copies of this fire code shall be on file in the office of the Fire Marshal and may be inspected at regular business hours and purchased from the Fire Prevention Bureau at a price not to exceed ninety-seven dollars ($97.) per copy. The provisions of this fire code shall be controlling within the limits of the City of Fort Collins.

(Code 1972, § 50-1; Ord. No. 192, 1986, § 1, 12-4-86; Ord. No. 15, 1990, § 1, 2-20-90; Ord. No. 97, 1991, § 1, 8-20-91; Ord. No. 130, 1992, § 1, 1-5-93; Ord. No. 9, 1999, § 1, 1-19-99; Ord. No. 160, 2008, § 1, 1-6-09; Ord. No. 035, 2014, § 1, 3-18-14)

Cross-reference—One copy of codes adopted by reference must be kept in the City Clerk's office, § 1-14; smoking in public areas, § 12-56 et seq.

9-2.  Amendments, additions and deletions.Go to the top

The following articles, sections, divisions, subsections and appendices of the International Fire Code, 2012 Edition, are hereby added, amended, deleted and renumbered to read as follows:

(1)  Section 101.1 Title is hereby amended to read as follows:

"101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the Fire Code of the City of Fort Collins, hereinafter referred to as 'this code.' "

(2)  Sections 103.4 Liability and 103.4.1 Legal defense are hereby amended to read as follows:

"103.4 Liability. The fire code official, member of the board of appeals, officer or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction, in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered liable personally, and is hereby relieved from all personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of an act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties, unless such act or omission is willful and wanton, as provided in the Colorado Governmental Immunity Act, Section 24-10-101 et seq., C.R.S.

"103.4.1 Legal defense. Any suit instituted against any officer or employee because of an act or omission performed by that officer or employee during the performance of his or her duties and within the scope of his or her employment, unless such act or omission is willful and wanton, as provided in the Colorado Governmental Immunity Act, Section 24-10-101 et seq. C.R.S., shall be defended by the legal representative of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The fire code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in an action, suit or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code; and any officer of the department of fire prevention, acting in good faith and without malice, shall be free from liability for acts performed under any of its provisions or by reason of any act or omission in the performance of official duties in connection therewith."

(3)  Section 108.1 Board of appeals established is hereby amended to read as follows:

"108.1 Board of appeals established. In order to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions or determinations made by the fire code official relative to the application and interpretation of this code, there shall be and is hereby created a board of appeals to be known as the Fire Board of Appeals. The members of the City of Fort Collins Building Review Board, as appointed from time to time, shall constitute the Fire Board of Appeals. The fire code official shall be an ex officio member of said board but shall have no vote on any matter before the board. The board shall adopt rules of procedure for conducting its business, and shall render all decisions and findings in writing to the appellant with a duplicate copy to the fire code official. Application for an appeal to the board and all process and procedures for an appeal shall be as stipulated in the International Building Code, Section 113 as amended and adopted by the City of Fort Collins. This section shall not be applicable to the appeal of fees or fine amounts, which shall be appealed to the City Manager pursuant to Chapter 2, Article VI of the City Code."

(4)  Section 108.3 is hereby deleted in its entirety.

(5)  Section 109.4 Violation penalties is hereby amended to read as follows:

"109.4 Violation penalties. Persons who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter, repair or do work in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the fire code official, or of a permit or certificate used under provisions of this code, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be subject to the penalties, costs and orders as provided by Section l-15 of the City Code. Each day that a violation continues is deemed a separate offense."

(6)  Section 113.2 Schedule of permit fees is hereby amended to read as follows:

"113.2 Schedule of permit fees. A fee for each permit shall be paid as required, in accordance with the schedule as established by the Poudre Fire Authority."

(7)  Section 113.3 Work commencing before permit issuance is hereby amended to read as follows:

"113.3 Work commencing before permit issuance. In addition to the penalties set forth in Section 109.4, any person who, before obtaining the necessary permit(s), commences any construction of, or work on, a building, structure, fire protection system, fire alarm system, or fire extinguishing system that is not otherwise exempted from obtaining a permit, shall be subject to a fine in addition to the standard prescribed permit fee. Said fine shall be equal in amount to the permit fee, except that it shall not be less than $50 nor more than $1,000 for the first such violation. A person committing the same such violation repeatedly shall be subject to a fine equal to double the amount of the permit fee or double the amount of the fee imposed for the preceding violation, whichever is greater, for every same such subsequent violation committed within 180 days of a previous violation. Said fees and fines may be appealed to the City Manager pursuant to Chapter 2, Article VI of the City Code."

(8)  Section 202 Definitions is hereby amended by the addition of a new definition "FIRE CONTAINMENT AREA" to read as follows:

"FIRE CONTAINMENT AREA. A portion of a story or basement which is totally enclosed by not less than one-hour fire-resistive construction and as prescribed in Section 709, entitled 'Fire Partitions' and Section 710, entitled 'Smoke Barriers' of the International Building Code as adopted by the City of Fort Collins. Openings other than doors and ducts shall be protected as specified in Section 715.5 of the International Building Code as adopted by the City of Fort Collins and shall be limited to a maximum of 25 percent of any one wall. Self-closing devices may be used in place of automatic closing devices on doors unlikely to be fixed open during normal conditions. Examples are doors at toilet rooms, closets and small storage rooms and similar areas."

(9)  Section 307.2.2 Time and atmospheric restrictions is hereby added to read as follows:

"307.2.2 Time and atmospheric restrictions. Open burning shall only be performed when time and atmospheric conditions comply with the limits set forth in the Open Burning Permit."

(10)  Section 507.2 Type of water supply is hereby amended to read as follows:

"507.2 Type of water supply. A water supply shall consist of pressure tanks, elevated tanks, water mains or other fixed systems capable of providing the required sustainable fire flow."

(11)  Section 605.11.3.2.1 Residential buildings with hip roof layouts is hereby amended to read as follows:

"605.11.3.2.1 Residential buildings with hip roof layouts. Panels/modules installed on residential buildings with hip roof layouts shall be located in a manner that provides a 3-foot-wide (914 mm) clear access pathway from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels/modules are located.

"Exceptions:

"1. These requirements shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

"2. These requirements shall not apply to roofs where each panel/module array area on the roof is 1,000 square feet (92.90 m) or less in size, no continuous section of panels/modules is larger than 150 feet in length or width, a clear access pathway of not less than 12-inch-width is provided along each side of all horizontal ridges, and a clear access pathway of not less than 30-inch-width is provided from the eave to the ridge of one roof slope where panels/modules are located.

"3. These requirements shall not apply to roofs where each panel/module array area on the roof is 1,000 square feet (92.90 m) or less in size, no continuous section of panels/modules is larger than 150 feet in length or width, a clear access pathway of not less than 12-inch-width is provided along each side of all horizontal ridges, panels/modules are placed on both sides of a hip, and a clear access pathway of not less than 18-inch-width is provided along each side of such hip.

"4. These requirements shall not apply to roofs where the total combined area of solar array does not exceed 33% as measured in plan view of the total roof area of the structure."

(12)  Section 605.11.3.2.2 Residential buildings with a single ridge is hereby amended to read as follows:

"605.11.3.2.2 Residential buildings with a single ridge. Panels/modules installed on residential buildings with a single ridge shall be located in a manner that provides two, 3-foot-wide (914 mm) clear access pathways from the eave to the ridge on each roof slope where panels/modules are located.

"Exceptions:

"1. This requirement shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

"2. This requirement shall not apply to roofs where each panel/module array area on the roof is 1,000 square feet (92.90 m) or less in size, no continuous section of panels/modules is larger than 150 feet in length or width, and a clear access pathway of not less than 12-inch-width is provided along each side of the horizontal ridge, provided that:

"a. The total combined area of solar array does not exceed 33% as measured in plan view of the total roof area of the structure; or

"b. A 30-inch-wide clear access path is provided from the eave to the ridge of a roof slope where panels/modules are located."

(13)  Section 605.11.3.2.3 Residential buildings with roof hips and valleys is hereby amended to read as follows:

"605.11.3.2.3 Residential buildings with roof hips and valleys. Panels/modules installed on residential buildings with roof hips and valleys shall be located no closer than 18 inches (457 mm) to a hip or a valley where panels/modules are to be placed on both sides of a hip or valley. Where panels are to be located on only one side of a hip or valley that is of equal length, the panels shall be permitted to be placed directly adjacent to the hip or valley. In addition, a 12-inch-wide clear access pathway shall be provided along each side of any horizontal ridge.

"Exceptions:

"1. This requirement shall not apply to roofs with slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or less.

"2. This requirement shall not apply to roofs where a 30-inch-wide clear access pathway is provided from the eave to the ridge as well as 12-inch-wide clear access pathways along each side of any horizontal ridge."

(14)  Section 605.11.3.2.5 Pathways is hereby added to read as follows:

"605.11.3.2.5 Pathways. All access pathways required under this Section 605.11.3.2 shall be provided in a structurally strong location on the building capable of supporting the live load of firefighters accessing the roof."

(15)  Section 702.1 Definitions is hereby amended to read as follows:

"702.1 Definitions. The following terms are defined in Chapter 2:

"DRAFTSTOP.

"FIRE-RESISTANT JOINT SYSTEM.

"FIREBLOCKING.

"FIRE CONTAINMENT AREA."

(16)  Table 903.1 Maximum Allowable Fire Containment Area is hereby added to read as follows:

"TABLE 903.1
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE FIRE-CONTAINMENT AREA
(IN SQUARE FEET)

"Types of Construction

OccupancyI AI BII AII BIII AIII BIV-HTV AV B
A110,00010,000NPNPNPNPNPNPNP
A210,00010,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,000
A3, 410,00010,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,0005,000
B, F1, S1, S2, M, U10,00010,0007,0005,0007,0005,0007,0007,0005,000
F220,00020,00010,0007,00010,0007,00010,00010,0005,000
E10,00010,0007,0005,0007,0005,0007,0007,0005,000

"NP = Not Permitted

"Exception:

"S2 Open parking garages in accordance with Section 406.5"

(17)  Section 903.2 Where required is hereby amended by adding a second exception to read as follows:

"2. Except for Group R Occupancies an automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in all buildings which are not divided into fire containment areas as specified in Table 903.1."

(18)  Section 903.2.11.1.3 Basements is hereby amended to read as follows:

"903.2.11.1.3 Basements. Where any portion of a basement is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) from openings required by Section 903.2.11.1, the basement shall be equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system."

(19)  Section 903.3.1.2 NFPA 13R sprinkler systems is hereby amended to read as follows:

"903.3.1.2 Group R sprinkler systems. Automatic sprinkler systems in Group R occupancies up to and including four stories in height shall be installed throughout in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1."

(20)  Subsection 904.11.6.4 Existing automatic fire extinguishing systems is hereby added to read as follows:

"904.11.6.4 Existing automatic fire extinguishing systems. Where changes in the cooking media, positioning of cooking equipment or replacement of cooking equipment occur in existing commercial cooking systems, the automatic fire extinguishing system shall be required to comply with the applicable provisions of Sections 904.11 through 904.11.4."

(21)  Section 907.2.11 Single- and multiple-station smoke alarms is hereby amended by adding a second paragraph thereto to read as follows:

"When one or more sleeping rooms are added or created in existing Group R Occupancies, the entire building shall be provided with smoke detectors located and installed as required for new Group R Occupancies described herein."

(22)  Section 907.8.6 Excessive false alarms is hereby added to read as follows:

"907.8.6 Excessive false alarms. An excessive number of false alarms shall be defined as two alarm activations for a fire alarm system within a 60-day period, provided that any such activations are not the result of a cause reasonably beyond the control of the owner, tenant or operator of the building. In the event of an excessive number of false alarms, the fire code official may order the building owner, tenant or operator of the building or party responsible for the building to take reasonable actions necessary to prevent false alarms. These actions may include: repair or replacement of the faulty alarm components, addition of tamper-proof devices, modification of system design, or repair of other building components which affect alarm system performance. The fire code official may also require the building owner, tenant or operator or party responsible for the building to obtain an approved maintenance contract with a qualified fire alarm maintenance technician as required by NFPA 72 to provide continuous maintenance service of the system."

(23)  Section 908.7 Carbon monoxide alarms is hereby amended by deleting the exception.

(24)  Section 1007.3 Stairways, Exceptions 1, 2 are hereby amended to read as follows:

"Exceptions:

"1. The clear width of 48 inches (1219 mm) between handrails is not required in buildings not more than 4 stories above grade plane equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

"2. Areas of refuge are not required at stairways in buildings not more than 4 stories above grade plane equipped throughout by an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2."

(25)  Section 1007.4 Elevators is hereby amended by adding a new Exception 5 to read as follows:

"5. Elevators in buildings not more than 4 stories above grade plane are not required to be considered an accessible means of egress when the building is equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2."

(26)  Section 1007.8 Two-way communication, Exception 1 is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Exception:

"1. Two-way communication systems are not required at the elevator landing of buildings not required to provide areas of refuge in accordance with Section 1007.4."

(27)  Section 1008.1.5 Floor elevation is hereby amended by adding a second paragraph to read as follows:

"All exterior steps, slabs, walks, decks and patios serving as exterior door landings or exterior stairs shall be adequately and permanently secured in place by approved methods to prevent such landings or stairs from being undermined or subject to significant displacement due to improper placement of supporting backfill or due to inadequate anchoring methods."

(28)  Section 1008.1.5 Floor elevation is hereby further amended by adding a new Exception 6 to read as follows:

"6. Exterior doors serving individual dwelling units, other than the main entrance door to a dwelling unit, may open at one intervening exterior step that is equally spaced between the interior floor level above and exterior landing below, provided that the step has a minimum tread depth of 12 inches, a maximum riser height of 7¾ inches (7.75"), and a minimum width equal to the door width, and further provided that the door does not swing over the step."

(29)  Section 1009.15 Handrails is hereby amended to read as follows:

"1009.15 Handrails. Stairways of more than one riser shall have handrails on each side and shall comply with Section 1012. Where glass is used to provide the handrail, the handrail shall also comply with Section 2407 of the International Building Code, as amended and adopted by the City of Fort Collins."

(30)  Section 1013.8 Window sills is hereby amended to read as follows:

"1013.8 Window sills. In Occupancy Groups R-2 and R-3, one- and two-family and multiple-family dwellings, where the opening of the sill portion of an operable window is located more than 72 inches (1829 mm) above the finished grade or other surface below, the lowest part of the clear opening of the window shall be at a height not less 24 inches (304.8 mm) above the finished floor surface of the room in which the window is located. Operable sections of windows shall not permit openings that allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere where such openings are located within 36 inches (915 mm) of the finished floor.

"Exceptions:

"1. Operable windows where the sill portion of the opening is located more than 75 feet (22 860 mm) above the finished grade or other surface below and that are provided with window fall prevention devices that comply with ASTM F 2006.

"2. Windows whose openings will not allow a 4-inch diameter (102 mm) sphere to pass through the opening when the window is in its largest opened position.

"3. Openings that are provided with non-removable window fall prevention devices that comply with ASTM F 2090.

"4. Windows that are provided with non-removable window opening control devices that comply with Section 1013.8.1.

"5. Emergency escape and rescue windows shall be installed per Section 1029."

(31)  Section 1013.9 Below grade openings is hereby added to read as follows:

"1013.9 Below grade openings. All area wells, stair wells and light wells attached to any building that are located less than 36 inches from the nearest intended walking surface and deeper than 36 inches below the surrounding ground level, creating an opening with a horizontal dimension greater than 24 inches measured perpendicular from the building, with the side walls of such well having a slope steeper than 2 horizontal to 1 vertical, shall be protected with guardrails conforming to this Section around the entire opening, or be provided with an equivalent barrier.

"Exceptions:

"1. The access side of stairways need not be barricaded.

"2. Area wells provided for emergency escape and rescue windows may be protected with approved grates or covers that comply with Section 1029.4 of this code.

"3. Covers and grates may be used over stairways and other openings used exclusively for service access or for admitting light or ventilation."

(32)  Section 1029.1 General, Exception 1 is hereby amended to read as follows:

"Exception:

"1. Basements with a ceiling height of less than 72 inches (1828.8 mm) shall not be required to have emergency escape and rescue openings."

(33)  Section 1029.3.1 Minimum height from floor is hereby added to read as follows:

"1029.3.1 Minimum height from floor. Emergency escape and rescue openings shall have the bottom of the clear opening not less than 24 inches (609.6 mm) measured from the floor."

(34)  Section 1029.5 Window wells is hereby amended by adding an exception to read as follows:

"Exception: With the window in the full open position, the bottom window well step may encroach a maximum of 12 inches (304 mm) into the minimum horizontal projection, provided the well meets the following criteria:

"1. The bottom of the well is not less than 36 inches wide (914 mm), centered horizontally on the openable portion of the emergency escape and rescue door or window, and

"2. An unobstructed clear horizontal projection of 36 inches (914 mm) is maintained at the centerline of the openable portion of the emergency escape and rescue door or window."

(35)  Section 5601.1.3 Fireworks is hereby amended to read as follows:

"5601.1.3 Fireworks. The possession, manufacture, storage, sale, handling and use of fireworks are prohibited.

"Exceptions:

"1. Storage and handling of fireworks as allowed in Section 5604.

"2. The use of fireworks for display as allowed in Section 5608."

(36)  Appendix A is hereby deleted in its entirety.

(37)  Appendix B is hereby deleted in its entirety and readopted to read as follows:

"APPENDIX B
FIRE-FLOW REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDINGS

"SECTION B101 – GENERAL

"B101.1 Scope. The procedure for determining fire-flow requirements for buildings or portions of buildings hereafter constructed shall be in accordance with this appendix. This appendix does not apply to structures other than buildings.

"SECTION B102 – DEFINITIONS

"B102.1 Definitions. For the purpose of this appendix, certain terms are defined as follows:

"FIRE-FLOW. The flow rate of a water supply, measured at 20 pounds per square inch (psi) (138 kPa) residual pressure, that is available for firefighting.

"FIRE-FLOW CALCULATION AREA. The floor area, in square feet (m), used to determine the required fire flow.

"SECTION B103 – MODIFICATIONS

"B103.1 Decreases. The fire chief is authorized to reduce the fire-flow requirements for isolated buildings or a group of buildings in rural areas or small communities where the development of full fire-flow requirements is impractical.

"B103.2 Increases. The fire chief is authorized to increase the fire-flow requirements where conditions indicate an unusual susceptibility to group fires or conflagrations. An increase shall not be more than twice that required for the building under consideration.

"B103.3 Areas without water supply systems. For information regarding water supplies for fire-fighting purposes in rural and suburban areas in which adequate and reliable water supply systems do not exist, the fire code official is authorized to utilize NFPA 1142 or the International Wildland-Urban Interface Code.

"SECTION B104 – FIRE-FLOW CALCULATION AREA

"B104.1 General. The fire-flow calculation area shall be the total floor area of all floor levels within the exterior walls, and under the horizontal projections of the roof of a building, except as modified in Section B104.3.

"B104.2 Area separation. Portions of buildings which are separated by fire walls without openings, constructed in accordance with the International Building Code, are allowed to be considered as separate fire-flow calculation areas.

"B104.3 Type 1A and Type 1B construction. The fire-flow calculation area of buildings constructed of Type 1A and Type 1B construction shall be the area of the three largest successive floors.

"Exception: Fire-flow calculation area for open parking garages shall be determined by the area of the largest floor.

"SECTION B105 – FIRE-FLOW REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDINGS

"B105.1 One- and two-family dwellings. The minimum fire-flow requirements for one- and two-family dwellings shall be 1,000 gallons per minute in urban areas and 500 gallons per minute in rural areas.

"Exception: A reduction in required fire-flow of 50 percent, as approved, is allowed when the building is provided with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

"B105.2 Buildings other than one- and two-family dwellings. The minimum fire-flow and flow duration for buildings other than one- and two-family dwellings shall be as specified in Table B105.

"Exception: A reduction in required fire-flow of up to 75 percent, as approved, is allowed when the building is provided with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2. The resulting fire-flow shall not be less than 1,500 gallons per minute (5678 L/min) for the prescribed duration as specified in Table B105.

"TABLE B105

ApplicationFire Flow Requirements
(gpm)
Spacing Between Hydrants
(feet)
Maximum Distance from any Point on a Street or Road Frontage to a Hydrant
(feet)
Commercial
1500
600
300
Urban Residential
1000
800
400
Rural Residential
500
800
400

"SECTION B106 – REFERENCED STANDARDS

"ICC IBC—12 International Building Code B104.2, Table B105.1

"ICC IWUIC—12 International Wildland-Urban Interface Code B103.3

"NFPA 1142—12 Standard on Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting B103.3"

(38)  Appendix C is hereby deleted in its entirety and readopted to read as follows:

"APPENDIX C
FIRE HYDRANT LOCATIONS AND DISTRIBUTION

"SECTION C101 – GENERAL

"C101.1 Scope. Fire hydrants shall be provided in accordance with this appendix for the protection of buildings, or portions of buildings, hereafter constructed.

"SECTION C102 – LOCATION

"C102.1 Fire hydrant locations. Fire hydrants shall be provided along required fire apparatus access roads and adjacent public streets.

"SECTION C103 – NUMBER OF FIRE HYDRANTS

"C103.1 Fire hydrants available. The number of fire hydrants available to a complex or subdivision shall not be less than that determined by the spacing requirements listed in Table B105 when applied to fire apparatus access roads and perimeter public streets from which fire operations could be conducted.

"SECTION C104 – CONSIDERATION OF EXISTING FIRE HYDRANTS

"C104.1 Existing fire hydrants. Existing fire hydrants on public streets are considered to be available. Existing fire hydrants on adjacent properties shall not be considered available unless fire apparatus access roads extend between properties and easements are established to prevent obstruction of such roads.

"SECTION C105 – DISTRIBUTION OF FIRE HYDRANTS

"C105.1 Hydrant spacing. The average spacing between fire hydrants shall not exceed that listed in Table B105.

"Exception:

"1. The fire chief is authorized to accept a deficiency of up to 10 percent where existing fire hydrants provide all or a portion of the required fire hydrant service.

"2. Regardless of the average spacing, fire hydrants shall be located such that all points on streets and access roads adjacent to a building are within the distances listed in Table B105."

(39)  Appendix D is hereby deleted in its entirety and readopted to read as follows.

"APPENDIX D
FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROADS

"SECTION D101 – GENERAL

"D10l.1 Scope. Fire apparatus access roads shall be in accordance with this appendix and all other applicable requirements of the International Fire Code.

"SECTION D102 – REQUIRED ACCESS

"D102.1 Access and loading. Facilities, buildings or portions of buildings hereafter constructed shall be accessible to fire department apparatus by way of an approved fire apparatus access road with an asphalt, concrete or other approved driving surface capable of supporting the imposed load of fire apparatus weighing at least 80,000 pounds (36,287 kg).

"D102.2 Access road construction. All access roadways must be all-weather driving surfaces capable of supporting fire apparatus. Surface shall be asphalt, concrete, or compacted road base.

"Compacted road base or chip shall only be used for a temporary emergency access. Temporary access shall be available as long as the site is under construction. Thereafter, permanent fire lanes shall be accessible and unobstructed at all times. All permanent points of access shall be hard decks consisting of asphalt or concrete designed to HS 20 or support 40 ton. All required access roads must be installed and serviceable before above-ground construction begins.

"SECTION D103 – MINIMUM SPECIFICATIONS

"D103.1 Access road width with a hydrant. Where a fire hydrant is located on a fire apparatus access road, the minimum road width shall be 26 feet (7925 mm) exclusive of shoulders. (See Figure D103.1.)

"D103.2 Grade. Fire apparatus access roads shall not exceed 10 percent in grade.

"Exception: Grades steeper than 10 percent as approved by the fire code official.

"D103.3 Turning radius. The minimum turning radius shall be 25 feet inside radius and 50 feet outside radius."

Figure D103.1

Figure D103.1
Figure D103.1
Figure D103.1

"D103.4 Dead ends. Dead-end fire apparatus access roads in excess of 150 feet (45 720 mm) shall be provided with width and turnaround provisions in accordance with Table D103.4.

TABLE D103.4
REQUIREMENTS FOR DEAD-END FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROADS

Length (feet)Width (feet)Turnarounds Required
015020None required
15166020100-foot hammerhead, 100-foot cul-de-sac in accordance with Figure D103.1
Over 660Special approval required

"D103.4.1 Second Point of Access Required. A second point of access shall be required when the primary access roadway exceeds 660 feet in length.

"D103.4.2 Third Point of Access Required. A third point of access shall be required when any access road exceeds a distance of 1,320 feet (¼ mile) in length.

"D103.4.3 Fourth Point of Access Required. A fourth point of access shall be required when access road exceeds a distance of 2,640 feet (½ mile) in length.

"D103.4.4 Access location. Where two or more points of access are required, they shall be placed a distance apart equal to not less than one half of the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the property or area to be served, measured in a straight line.

"D103.5 Fire apparatus access road gates. Gates securing the fire apparatus access roads shall comply with all of the following criteria:

"1. The minimum gate width shall be 20 feet (6096 mm).

"2. Gates shall be of the swinging or sliding type.

"3. Construction of gates shall be of materials that allow manual operation by one person.

"4. Gate components shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and replaced or repaired when defective.

"5. Electric gates shall be equipped with a means by which the gate may be opened by fire department personnel for emergency access. Emergency opening devices shall be approved by the fire code official.

"6. Manual opening gates shall not be locked with a padlock or chain and padlock unless they are capable of being opened by means of forcible entry tools or when a key box containing the key(s) to the lock is installed at the gate location.

"7. Gate design and locking device specifications shall be submitted for approval by the fire code official prior to installation.

"8. Electric gate operators, where provided, shall be listed in accordance with UL325.

"9. Gates intended for automatic operation shall be designed, constructed and installed to comply with the requirements of ASTM F 2200.

"D103.6 Signs. Where required by the fire code official, fire apparatus access roads shall be marked with permanent NO PARKING-FIRE LANE signs complying with Figure D103.6. Signs shall have a minimum dimension of 12 inches (305 mm) wide by 18 inches (457 mm) high and have red letters on a white reflective background. Signs shall be posted on one or both sides of the fire apparatus road as required.

"Figure D103.6

Figure D103.6

"D103.6.1 Roads 20 to 26 feet in width. Fire apparatus access roads 20 to 26 feet wide (6096 to 7925 mm) shall be posted on both sides as a fire lane.

"D103.6.2 Roads more than 26 feet in width. Fire apparatus access roads more than 26 feet wide (7925 mm) to 32 feet wide (9754 mm) shall be posted on one side of the road as a fire lane.

"SECTION D104 – COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS

"D104.1 Buildings exceeding three stories or 30 feet in height. Buildings or facilities exceeding 30 feet (9144 mm) or three stories in height shall provide fire apparatus access for each structure at least 30 feet in width.

"D104.2 Buildings exceeding 62,000 square feet in area. Buildings or facilities having a gross building area of more than 62,000 square feet (5760 m) shall be provided with two separate and approved fire apparatus access roads.

"Exception: Projects having a gross building area of up to 124,000 square feet (11,520 m) that have a single approved fire apparatus access road when all buildings are equipped throughout with approved automatic sprinkler systems.

"D104.3 Remoteness. Where two access roads are required, they shall be placed a distance apart equal to not less than one-half of the length of the maximum overall diagonal dimension of the property or area to be served, measured in a straight line between accesses.

"SECTION D105 – AERIAL FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS ROADS

"D105.1 Where required. Where the vertical distance between the grade plane and the highest roof surface exceeds 30 feet (9144 mm), approved aerial fire apparatus access roads shall be provided. For purposes of this section, the highest roof surface shall be determined by measurement to the eave of a pitched roof, the intersection of the roof to the exterior wall, or the top of parapet walls, whichever is greater.

"D105.2 Width. Fire apparatus access roads shall have a minimum unobstructed width of 30 feet (7925 mm) in the immediate vicinity of any building or portion of building more than 30 feet (9144 mm) in height.

"D105.3 Proximity to building. At least one of the required access routes meeting this condition shall be located within a minimum of 15 feet (4572 mm) and a maximum of 30 feet (9144 mm) from the building, and shall be positioned parallel to one entire side of the building.

"D105.4 Obstructions. Overhead utility and power lines shall not be located over the aerial fire apparatus access road or between the aerial fire apparatus road and the building. Other obstructions shall be permitted to be placed with the approval of the fire code official.

"SECTION D106 – MULTIPLE-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS

"D106.1 Projects having more than 100 dwelling units. Multiple-family residential projects having more than 100 dwelling units shall be equipped, throughout the entire project, with two separate and approved fire apparatus access roads.

"Exception: Projects having up to 200 dwelling units may have a single approved fire apparatus access road when all buildings, including nonresidential occupancies, are equipped throughout with approved automatic sprinkler systems installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1 or 903.3.1.2.

"D106.2 Projects having more than 200 dwelling units. Multiple-family residential projects having more than 200 dwelling units shall be provided with two separate and approved fire apparatus access roads regardless of whether they are equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system.

"SECTION D107 – ONE- OR TWO-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS

"D107.1 One- or two-family dwelling residential developments. Developments of one- or two-family dwellings where the number of dwelling units exceeds 30 shall be provided with separate and approved fire apparatus access roads and shall meet the requirements of Section D104.3.

"Exceptions:

"1. Where there are more than 30 dwelling units on a single public or private fire apparatus access road and all dwelling units are equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1, 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3.3, access from two directions shall not be required.

"2. The number of dwelling units on a single fire apparatus access road shall not exceed 30 dwelling units unless fire apparatus access roads will connect with future development, as determined by the fire code official.

"SECTION D108 – REFERENCED STANDARDS.

"ASTM F 2200—05 Standard Specification for Automated Vehicular Gate Construction

"ICC IFC—12 International Fire Code

"UL 325—02 Door, Drapery, Gate, Louver, and Window Operators and Systems, with Revisions through February 2006"

(40)  Appendix E is deleted in its entirety.

(41)  Appendix F is deleted in its entirety.

(42)  Appendix G is deleted in its entirety.

(43)  Appendix H is hereby adopted in its entirety.

(44)  Appendix I is hereby adopted in its entirety.

(Ord. No. 35, 2014, § 2, 3-18-14)

Cross-reference—Appeals from certain boards to be taken to the City Council, § 2-47; Building Review Board, § 2-117 et seq.

Sec. 9-3. Appeals.Go to the top

Whenever the Fire Marshal shall disapprove any application made pursuant to the International Fire Code, as amended, or refuse to grant a permit applied for thereunder or when it is claimed that the provisions of the fire code do not apply or that the true intent and meaning of the fire code have been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted or when any person requests a variance from the literal terms of the fire code, the applicant or person affected may appeal the decision of the Fire Marshal to the Fire Board of Appeals established pursuant to the International Fire Code. Such Board shall have the power to vary or modify any requirement made by the Fire Marshal thereunder, provided that an appeal to the Board is made within thirty (30) days of the date of the action complained of. Final decisions of the Board are subject to the right of appeal to the City Council as contained in § 2-47 et seq., of this Code, except that the Fire Marshal shall be included as a party-in-interest with standing to appeal a decision which, in his or her judgment, adversely affects public safety.

(Code 1972, § 50-4; Ord. No. 97, 1991, § 3, 8-20-91; Ord. 130, 1992 § 3, 1-5-93; Ord. No. 9, 1999, § 3, 1-19-99; Ord. No. 030, 2012, § 26, 4-17-12)

Cross-references—Appeals from certain boards to be taken to the City Council, § 2-47; Building Review Board shall function as the Fire Board of Appeals, § 2-119.

Sec. 9-4. Violations and penalties.Go to the top

Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of the International Fire Code, as amended, or who shall fail to comply with any of the provisions or who shall violate or fail to comply with any orders made thereunder or who shall act in any way in violation of any permits issued thereunder shall, severally and for each and every violation in noncompliance respectively, be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by the penalty set forth in § 1-15 of this Code. The imposition of one (1) penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue, and all persons shall be required to correct or remedy the violations or defects within a reasonable time, and when not otherwise specified, each ten (10) days that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense. The application of any penalty pursuant hereto shall not be held to prevent the forced removal of prohibited conditions nor the suspension or removal of a permit or license issued thereunder.

(Code 1972, § 50-3; Ord. No. 192, 1986, § 3, 12-4-86; Ord. No. 97, 1991, § 4, 8-20-91; Ord. 130, 1992, § 3, 1-5-93; Ord. No. 030, 2012, § 27, 4-17-12)

Cross-reference—General penalty, § 1-15.

Secs. 9-5—9-20. Reserved.


ARTICLE II.Go to the top
OPEN FIRE AND BURNING RESTRICTIONS

Sec. 9-21.  Application. Go to the top

This Article shall apply to all open fires or open burnings when the restrictions authorized by this Article are in effect.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-22.  Definitions. Go to the top

The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this Article, shall have the meanings ascribed to them in this Section.

Fire Code Official shall mean the Chief of the Poudre Fire Authority or his or her designee.

Fireworks shall mean "fireworks" as defined in Section 3302.1 of the 2006 International Fire Code adopted and amended in this Chapter.

Open fire or open burning shall mean any outdoor fire, including, but not limited to, campfires, warming fires, the lighting of any fused explosives and fireworks of any kind or brand, the lighting of model rockets, and the burning of fence lines or rows, grasslands, fields, farm lands, rangelands, wildlands, trash and debris. Open burning shall not include:

(1)  fires in liquid-fueled or gas-fueled stoves, grills or fireplaces;

(2)  fires in wood-burning fireplaces that are contained within buildings;

(3)  fires in charcoal grills at private one- and two-family residences;

(4)  commercial, professional and municipal fireworks displays where specific written approval has been granted by the Fire Code Official; and

(5)  prescribed or controlled burns for agricultural or irrigation purposes along ditches located within and com-pletely surrounded by irrigated farmlands where such burning is necessary for crop survival and specific written approval has been granted by the Fire Code Official.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-23.  Declaration of Stage 1 fire restrictions. Go to the top

(a)  The City Manager may declare Stage 1 Fire Restrictions in the City, after consultation with the Fire Code Official, if he or she determines that the totality of circumstances, including, but not limited to, current weather conditions, long- and short-term weather forecasts, lack of precipitation, fire restrictions in neighboring communities, regional fires and/or fires in close proximity to the City, live and dead fuel moisture levels, energy release components, atmospheric conditions, degraded air quality, and limited availability of suppression resources, have created a potential threat of fire hazards within the City.

(b)  The Stage 1 restrictions imposed by this Article shall take effect immediately upon the issuance of an administra-tive order executed by the City Manager, and shall remain in effect until rescinded by a similar order. The City Manager shall notify the City Council within twenty-four (24) hours after the issuance of such administrative order. The authority granted under this Article is ongoing, and administrative orders may be issued from time to time as conditions warrant.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-24.  Stage 1 fire restrictions/prohibited and permitted acts. Go to the top

(a)  The following activities are prohibited when Stage 1 fire restrictions are in place:

(1)  open burning of any kind without a permit from the Poudre Fire Authority;

(2)  open discarding of cigarettes and smoking materials;

(3)  welding or the operation of torches with open flame in outdoor areas, including public parks, greenbelts, open spaces and trail systems without a permit;

(4)  operating or using any internal combustion engine (e.g., chainsaw) without a spark arresting device properly installed, maintained and in effective working order; and

(5)  operating any pest control equipment which relies upon the ignition of flammable gases or liquids.

(b) The following activities are permitted when Stage 1 fire restrictions are in place:

(1)  fires within liquid-fueled or gas-fueled appliances, including fire pits, grills and camp stoves; fireplaces within buildings; charcoal grill fires within developed residential or commercial areas; fires within wood-burning stoves;

(2)  fires specifically authorized by a permit issued by the Fire Code Official, including permitted professional fireworks displays;

(3)  fire department training fires;

(4)  tiki torches; small recreational fires at developed picnic or campground sites contained in permanent fire pits or fire grates having a total fuel area of three (3) feet or less in diameter and two (2) feet or less in height and which are supervised by a responsible person at least twenty-one (21) years of age;

(5)  open fires or open burning by any federal, state or local officer or member of an organized fire protection district or department in the performance of official fire suppression functions; and

(6)  wood-, gas- or liquid-fueled commercial cooking or smoking appliances when used for commercial food preparation.

(c)  It shall be unlawful for any person to start, build, maintain, attend or use an open fire or conduct open burning in violation of the prohibitions of Stage 1 fire restrictions in the City, including public, private, state and federal lands, while such restrictions are in effect.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-25.  Declaration of Stage 2 fire restrictions. Go to the top

(a)  The City Manager may declare Stage 2 fire restrictions in the City, after consultation with the Fire Code Official, if he or she determines that the totality of circumstances, including, but not limited to, current weather conditions, long- and short-term weather forecasts, lack of precipitation, fire restrictions in neighboring communities, regional fires and/or fires in close proximity to the City, live and dead fuel moisture levels, energy release components, atmospheric conditions, degraded air quality, and limited availability of suppression resources have created an imminent threat of fire hazards within the City.

(b)  The Stage 2 restrictions imposed by this Article shall take effect immediately upon the issuance of an administra-tive order executed by the City Manager, and shall remain in effect until rescinded by a similar order. The City Manager shall notify the City Council within twenty-four (24) hours after the issuance of such administrative order. The authority granted under this Article is ongoing, and administrative orders may be issued from time to time as conditions warrant.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-26.  Stage 2 fire restrictions/prohibited and permitted acts. Go to the top

(a)  The following activities are prohibited when Stage 2 fire restrictions are in place:

(1)  all fires prohibited under Subsection 9-24(a);

(2)  open burning of any kind;

(3)  charcoal grill fires within developed residential or commercial areas;

(4)  burning of explosive wastes by the manufacturer of explosives in areas zoned for industrial use, when the burning is supervised by a fire protection district;

(5)  use of or fires in chimneys, other portable fireplaces or patio fire pits (which are not liquid- or gas-fueled); and

(6)  campfires at developed campgrounds or picnic areas.

(b)  The following activities are permitted when Stage 2 fire restrictions are in place:

(1)  fires within liquid-fueled or gas-fueled appliances, including fire pits, grills, and camp stoves;

(2)  use of all fireplaces and wood-burning stoves within buildings;

(3)  fire department training fires;

(4)  open fires or open burning by any federal, state or local officer or member of an organized fire protection district or department in the performance of official fire suppression functions; and

(5)  wood-, gas- or liquid-fueled commercial cooking or smoking appliances when used for commercial food preparation after review and approval of the Fire Code Official.

(c)  It shall be unlawful for any person to start, build, maintain, attend or use an open fire or conduct open burning in violation of the prohibitions of Stage 2 fire restrictions in the City, including public, private, state and federal lands, while such restrictions are in effect.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-27.  Enforcement. Go to the top

The provisions of this Article shall be enforced by the Chief of Police, City police officers, and the Fire Code Officials as defined in the International Fire Code as adopted and amended in this Chapter.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)

Sec. 9-28.  Violations; penalties. Go to the top

Any person who violates any provision of this Article commits a misdemeanor criminal offense and is subject to the penalty provisions of Subsection 1-15(a) of this Code.

(Ord. No. 064, 2013, 5-7-13)